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蜜蜂得到急需的赢得美国法庭规则对烟碱类杀虫剂农药

新闻来源:admin 发布时间:2018-09-21

It’;s been a very rough period for bees。 Bee numbers have been dropping at alarming rates, and the growing consensus seem to be that only limiting pesticide use (especially for some pesticides) can save them。 Now, a US court overturned federal approval for a new formulation called sulfoxaflor, basically banning the pesticide。

Pesticides killing bees

Image via Discover Magazine。

The main problem is with neonicotinoids –; a class of neuro-active substances linked with a swarm of negative environmental effects, including honey-bee colony collapse disorder (CCD) and loss of birds due to a reduction in insect populations。 Sulfoxaflor is a neonicotinoid; on May 6, 2013, the United States Environmental Protection Agency approved the first two commercial pesticide products that contain sulfoxaflor, marketed under the brand names “;Transform”; and “;Closer”;, to the Dow Chemical Corporation。 However, the decision was appealed and now, the U。S。 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a ruling overturning the EPA’;s approval of sulfoxaflor, finding that the EPA had relied on “flawed and limited” data, and its green light was unjustified given the “precariousness of bee populations”。

Circuit judge Randy Smith said:

“I am inclined to believe the EPA… decided to register sulfoxaflor unconditionally in response to public pressure for the product and attempted to support its decision retrospectively with studies it had previously found inadequate。”

This decision can also be appeale********>Neonicotinoids have grown popular for protecting crops and orchards from unwanted pests, but in recent years, there has been increasing evidence that they also damage pollinators and disrupt their navigation systems, with major impacts worldwide。

Neonicotinoid pesticides can disrupt bee navigation (Image: Zhang Bo/Getty)

Striking contradictions

The strange thing about the legality of neonicotinoids is that the European Union banned most of them in 2013, as part of an effort to protect bees。 An even larger investigation on banning more pesticides will be launched this autumn。 However, last month, the EU approved the use of sulfoxaflor, while leaving final decisions on its use to national regulators, despite the European Food Standards Authority warning that “missing information” about sulfoxaflor meant that “a high risk to bees was not excluded”。 Meanwhile, in the US, most neonicotinoids are still allowed for use, but sulfoxaflor has been banned。 This creates a lot of confusion and misunderstanding。

“The public will be justifiably confused and concerned,” says Matt Shardlow, CEO of Buglife, a British group that campaigns against neonicotinoids。

Answering Questions

本文源自: 环亚娱乐



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